Monday, February 21, 2011

This Week in History 2-21-11


Malcolm X assassinated

On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was assassinated by the members of the rival Black Muslim organization, the Nation of Islam, in New York City. Born as Malcolm Little, he was raised in an environment advocating black pride. Malcolm’s father, a Baptist preacher who advocated black nationalist ideals, was murdered by the white supremacist Black Legion. Taken away by welfare caseworkers, Malcolm became involved in criminal activities in Boston and New York. In 1946, he was sent to prison, where he a member of the Nation of Islam and took on the last name “X” to symbolize his stolen African identity. Conflict between Elijah Muhammad, the head of the organization, and Malcolm X led to him quitting the organization in 1964. After returning from his pilgrimage to Mecca and travels throughout Africa and the Middle East, Malcolm X was shot to death by Nation of Islam members on February 21, 1965.

To learn more about Malcolm X’s assassination please visit This Day in History at History.com.

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